Project management is a set of activities which includes initiating, planning, executing, controlling and closing projects. It’s a discipline that gives you principles, techniques, and tools to help you finish things on time and within budget.
The essential pillar of strength and support that holds up the entire project is the team of highly productive people who entirely devote themselves to it and make an all-out effort to get the job done.
Project management consists of a number of interlinking processes. A process is a series of actions performed by a team of people who work towards the same goal.
The 5 types of project management processes
According to the “Project Management Body of Knowledge” (aka. The PMBOK Guide, the standard guidebook for project managers around the world), there are 5 types of project management processes:
- initiating - recognising the beginning of the the project or a phase and that one phase can continue into the next one. Initiation process keeps the team focused on the business or halt the project if it fails to meet all the needs and preferences.
- planning - creating a workable scheme that will include clearly defined activities, cost estimates, schedule development and resource planning.
- executing - carrying out the processes which are followed by regular information distribution and team development.
- monitoring and controlling - controlling the quality of project results, observing significant changes and making necessary adjustments to the project
- closing - gathering all the necessary data to ensure that the projected is completed.
The processes do not necessarily follow a chronological pattern. Both in life and business, some things can get out of hand and are sometimes difficult to control. This is why processes usually overlap throughout different phases of the project and become ultimately dependent on one another.
Processes are linked by the outcomes they produce - the result of one process becomes an input to another. For example, the planning process provides the executing process with an early project plan. But the planning process is not over - it continues to play a role as it updates the plan as the project progresses.
Project planning is the most significant process as it should help you clearly layout all the details of the work to be done and predict possible hurdles you will need to overcome along the way.
You can’t accomplish any projects masterfully if you rely only on this framework of clearly defined processes. Project management is both a science and art. Each project is unique and tackling all the stages and issues that may arise is almost impossible without little bit of intuition and flexibility. You cannot know what steps you will be forced to take in order to achieve predictable results.
The key to project success is a good methodology combined with excellent intuitive skills.
What is project managment and why it’s valuable
Projects have been practiced ever since the first human community was established. Plato writing the Republic, Michelangelo painting Sistine Chapel, Nikola Tesla’s designing the modern alternating current electricity system, Jorn Utzon building Sydney Opera House - all of them were the projects that moved boundaries of human understanding.
These huge and complex projects were endeavoured by masterminds who invested considerable amount of time, energy and strong will to achieve their ultimate goal.
The incredible impact of modern technology has changed the face of business. As a result, project management became the essential part of any project, no matter how big or challenging it is.
People realised that using intuition and a mountain of paper documentation was neither efficient nor sufficient for running a successful business. Instead, they started viewing project management as a separate discipline, an invaluable methodology that will help them deliver the best possible results.
They needed a well-defined, well-thought and more disciplined process that will help all the ambitious entrepreneurs and their teams manage a project with breeze.
Project management is a huge benefit for everyone
Every ambitious entrepreneur has high hopes when starting a new project. Diving into a new project can be highly rewarding, but it also means taking on big risks. How many of us have successfully completed our projects without spending more money or investing more time in it?
Project management should help you:
- become more predictable
- save ample effort, time and cost
- resolve any issues more quickly and easily
- terminate “bad” projects
- encourage better communication and improve team’s productivity
- increase the chance to expand your services
- become more focused on the project development
- upscale the efficiency in delivering services
- become aware of the future risks and resolve them
- improve client collaboration
- create healthy working environment
Project management enables managers to run the project from the initial to the final phase in the most cost-effective and efficient way while keeping everyone in the loop. (Read more about a project manager’s roles and responsibilities here.)
Using technology to improve project management
A good communication flow is crucial for any successful business.
Today’s technology has done wonders when it comes to handling and distributing information worldwide.
There is a huge selection of integrated project management and communication tools that will help you control your activities more efficiently and make your team more productive.
A project management tool helps virtual teams communicate better and be more productive. However, you shouldn’t rely too much on technology because there are always some jobs that are not suited for it.
A number of business has skyrocketed over the last few decades and, according to research, as much as 55% of businesses understand the value project management delivers. But, not all of them practice it. Instead, many companies still rely on spreadsheets and interpersonal communication and, as a result, they fail to achieve the best possible results.
By using project management software, you will be able to handle information in a more affordable way and leverage your team’s productivity. It’s a true lifesaver for busy business owners looking for a way how to deliver their project in the most efficient way.
Long are the days when project management was viewed as merely a highly technical discipline. Today, project management is no longer a tedious time-consuming job as it used to be.
Due to the ever-growing array of business, managing resources and handling the team communication has become a real challenge. As a result, project management has become instrumental for managing any business successfully.
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- Traditional project management
- PERT network chart
- Critical Path Method (CPM)
- Critical Chain Project Management (CCPM)
- Adaptive Project Management
- Extreme Project Management (XPM)
- Six Sigma Methodology
- Theory of Constraints
- PRINCE2 Project Management
General project management methodologies
- Waterfall project management
- Agile project management
- Scrum project management
- Kanban project management
- Extreme Programming (XP)
- Rational Unified Process (RUP)
- Crystal Methods
- Feature Driven Development
- Joint Application Development
Project management methodologies used in IT
- The Complete Guide to Managing Digital Projects
- Project Management Methodologies and Frameworks
- How to Choose the Right Project Management Methodology
- Fundamentals of Agile Project Management
- Kanban: A Quick and Easy Guide to Kickstart Your Project