“Extreme project management is the art and science of facilitating and managing the flow of thoughts, emotions, and interactions in a way that produces valued outcomes under turbulent and complex conditions: those that feature high speed, high change, high uncertainty, and high stress.” - Doug DeCarlo, author of eXtreme Project Management
From development of new technologies and shift in customer needs, to economic conditions or some new groundbreaking ideas, a number of project requirements can change every day due to a variety of circumstances. This is where extreme project management enters the game.
Extreme projects are carried out in turbulent environments where it’s difficult to estimate the speed of the project and obstacles you will encounter. On extreme projects, things are unpredictable, planning is chaotic and just-in-time, and the entire project development is messy.
Despite their extreme nature, extreme projects can still contribute to success and extreme project management allows you to manage the unknown and unpredictable by self-correcting along the way.
Traditional vs Extreme project management
Traditional project management is a perfect solution for managing engineering and construction projects because they have a specific goal and a well-defined path on how to get there. But today, many projects don’t have a proven path and a predictable life cycle, and requirements are constantly changing.
Unlike traditional management, where circumstances are highly predictable, extreme project management thrives in the chaotic environment where the level of certainty is very low. Also, traditional approach is more streamlined while extreme one is more flexible.
Doug DeCarlo, the author of Extreme Project Management, points out the basic differences between the two approaches:
- Traditional project management is past oriented. Extreme project management is future oriented.
- Traditional project management makes people the servants of the process. Extreme project management makes the process the servant of people.
- Traditional project management is about centralizing control of people, processes, and tools. Extreme project management is about distributing control.
- Traditional project management tries to take charge of the world (things, people, schedule). Extreme project management is about taking charge of yourself, your attitudes, and your approach to the world.
- Traditional project management is about managing. Extreme project management is about leading.
|Traditional Project Management||Extreme Project Management|
|Manages the known||Manages the unknown|
|Slow and stable||Chaotic, messy and unpredictable|
|Aimed at producing the planned result||Self-correcting and making in-the-spot decisions|
|Focused on efficiency||Focused on effectiveness|
Extreme project management characteristics
DeCarlo compares extreme project management to jazz music. Although jazz may sound random and chaotic, it actually has its own framework which allows jazz musicians to improvise within it and make outstanding musical pieces.
- There is a rough idea about the goal but little idea about how to achieve that goal.
- All the standard tools, templates, and processes engineers used to apply in the past don’t make much contribution to the extreme project management.
- Instead of following the safe path, in extreme management project managers discuss the best alternative with the client, carry out the experiment, learn from what happens ,and use their knowledge for the next project cycle.
The mindset as an important factor
It’s obvious that steps you need to take in extreme approach differ significantly from the steps in the traditional approach. The extreme approach requires a particular mindset, that is, a set of beliefs and assumptions of how things function. With this in mind, changing the mindset of your project team and adapting it to extreme circumstances they have to work in is the imperative.
There are a few ground rules and expectations your project team has to adopt to successfully implement extreme approach:
- Requirements and project activities are chaotic and unpredictable
- Team should rely on uncertainty
- It’s virtually impossible to fully control this kind of projects
- Change is inevitable
- Flexibility and openness bring the feeling of security
Five steps of Extreme project Management Life Cycle model
Brian Vernham, the author of Agile Project Management for Government, suggests that there are five steps every extreme project management team needs to follow to carry out the project successfully:
- Envision - define your vision clearly before embarking on extreme project management.
- Speculate - have your team participate in creative thinking process and brainstorm ideas that will achieve your vision.
- Innovate - make your team test their speculations by coming up with innovative solutions.
- Re-evaluate - as the cycle approaches its end, your team must re-evaluate their work.
- Disseminate - after going through a learning process, it’s essential to spread the knowledge and apply it to future stages of the project as well as future projects in general.
When to use extreme project management
Whether your team will employ a straightforward and well-structured traditional project management or the radical extreme project management approach depends on the project they are involved in. You should use extreme project management when your projects require:
- Fast-paced work
- Frequent changes as the project progresses due to the dynamic environment
- A trial-and-error approach to see what works
- Self-correcting processes when things go wrong
- People-driven processes instead of process-driven (when people are in control of processes rather than the other way around)
Advantages of extreme project management
Unlike other methodologies that rely on software tools and templates, extreme approach is much more people-centric:
It’s holistic - although it includes methods, tools, and templates, they only make sense if they refer to the project as the whole. In other words, it allows you to view the project as a single system without analyzing its parts
It’s people-centric - it puts emphasis on project dynamics, meaning it allows stakeholders to communicate and interact. This helps you reach meaningful solutions and meet your client’s needs.
It’s humanistic - one of the principles of this approach is takes into account quality of life of the stakeholder as they are baked into the project. Because people are an integral part of the project, their job satisfaction and the team culture they develop can have a profound effect on the business
It’s business focused - once you have reached the project’s outcome, you can have a clear insight into how the project can benefit your client. The team is constantly focused on delivering value early and often.
It’s reality based - it allows you to work in the highly unpredictable environment that is prone to change and helps you recognize that you cannot change the reality to adapt to your project
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- Traditional project management
- PERT network chart
- Critical Path Method (CPM)
- Critical Chain Project Management (CCPM)
- Adaptive Project Management
- Extreme Project Management (XPM)
- Six Sigma Methodology
- Theory of Constraints
- PRINCE2 Project Management
General project management methodologies
- Waterfall project management
- Agile project management
- Scrum project management
- Kanban project management
- Extreme Programming (XP)
- Rational Unified Process (RUP)
- Crystal Methods
- Feature Driven Development
- Joint Application Development
Project management methodologies used in IT
- The Complete Guide to Managing Digital Projects
- Project Management Methodologies and Frameworks
- How to Choose the Right Project Management Methodology
- Fundamentals of Agile Project Management
- Kanban: A Quick and Easy Guide to Kickstart Your Project